The First Men in The Moon is a 1899 science fiction novel by H. G. Wells (Herbert George Wells) about a two man voyage to the moon. Even though it is not as well known as the other novels by H. G. Wells (The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, and The War of The Worlds) it is still an excellent science fiction adventure. The story begins with the struggling play writer Mr. Bedford, and he meets the genius scientist Dr. Cavor who has invented a substance based upon the element of helium which blocks off the force of gravity called cavorite! And Bedford and Cavor decide to make a mettle sphere and put a coding of cavorite on it and go to the moon. While they make their plans they decide to also prospect on the moon and they suspect that there is no life where they are going. Once they get to the moon they begin their research and they are captered by ant like creatures that Cavor names Selenites (after the Greek lunar goddess Selene)and Cavor gets worried when Bedford introduces them to human violence. Later on they find out that the Selenites get their energy from sunlight and Cavor tells the Selenites about Earth’s history. Cavor had to stay do to a hurry and Bedford left (they find the sphere again) and Bedford promises to come back to get him.Then a person that helped Bedford get up when he got back but the guy got in the sphere and launched. Back on the moon the Selenites believe that Earth is a threat to them and try and make some of their own cavorite. And Dr. Cavor uses the cavorite to make sure the Selenites don`t come to Earth. In 2010 BBC made a tv movie of The First Men in the Moon and they update the story with Apollo 11. Here is a link to the preview.
In the early twentieth century, the American astronomer Percival Lowell believed he saw canals on Mars running from the north pole to the extreme opposite end of the planet. Lowell thought this must indicate a highly sophisticated civilization was on Mars. While Lowell believed in many possibilities for these canals that transported and drained water from one place to another, many critics believed that he did not know what he was talking about and pointed out that he was not a professional astronomer. Also, they could not see these canals even with the highest powered telescopes of the day.
He still had a strong vision of Mars though. He drew very detailed maps of the canals and started to make public appearances to explain how he believed that the civilization on Mars was a suffering civilization due to the lack of water. He drew upon the research and observations of nineteenth century Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli to try and convince his audience that these canals existed. He believed that there were 437 canals in all some as long as 1,500 km but all of approximately the same width of 50 km.
It turns out there were no canals after all – just lines and craters crossing and touching each other on the planet’s surface. The book that Lowell wrote of his findings may not be accurate but is still a good story. Here is a link.
And I would like to tell you that today is my one year blogiversary here at Intergalactic online.
The moons of Mars were two small asteroids that fell into orbit around Mars years ago. They were named after Mars’s sons, the Greek variations of their names – Phobos and Deimos (the Roman names are Romulas and Remus). You can see Phobos in the image above and Deimos in the image at the bottom of this post. Both of the moons of Mars are very small and if you put them together they are nowhere close to the size of our moon. Phobos is only 22.2 km in diameter and Deimos is even smaller at 12.6 km in diameter. In comparison, the diameter of the Earth’s moon is 3,474 km. Both of them are a great distance from Mars, but Phobos is closest to the planet.
Phobos and Deimos were first viewed in 1877 from the US Naval Observatory in Washington DC.
This image, found on Wikipedia, shows the relative sizes of and distance between Mars, Phobos, and Deimos, to scale.
Venus is the second planet from the sun, and it is almost the same size as Earth. It was named after the Roman goddess of love (the Greek name is Aphrodite). And the Godess Venus represents all things gentle but unfortunately Venus is not gentle. Its diameter is 7,521 miles (12,100 km and that is 95% the size of Earth) across. Its distance from the sun is 67.2 million miles. Its total orbital period around the sun is 224.7 Earth days. Its rotation period is 243 Earth days. Venus is also the second brightest thing in are night sky and it is also none as the morning “star”, the evening “star”, the dragon “star”, and the witch “star”. Even though it is the second closest planet to the Sun, it is the hottest. And the goddess Venus is my down fall according to Astrology. And the surface of Venus is exactly 900 degrees fahrenheit all the time. It is the hottest planet because the clouds that cover its atmosphere absorb the sun’s heat. And the clouds make acid rain that can melt metal. People a century ago believed that if it is cloudy than it could be swampy. Even though Venus is not moist scientist believe the Venus once had oceans. Venus has many volcanos and they are all active with immense lava. Venus also has no Moon . Venus also is the only planet that rotates on it`s axis towards the west so on Venus the sun sets in the east . When scientist describe Earth and Venus they say that they’re like Heaven and Hell but I say that they’re the planetary Gemini. And they say that Venus is the planet most like Hell. Down here you will see a image of Venus`s Hellish surface.
Scientists also believe that there might be life 100% different from Earth’s life that can live on Venus (Venusians).
The asteroid belt is a group of large rocks bigger than a meteor/meteorite that orbits the sun and it is the very thing that divides the inner solar system (the small rocky planets known as Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars) and the outer solar system (the large gas giants/planets known as Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) . Each asteroid is a different size and most of them are not stable and some of them are steady.
I have heard that some astronomers believe the some of the stable asteroids just might have an okay atmosphere and if there is a okay atmosphere there is a possibility of life.
There is also another group of asteroids called the kuiper belt which is near the orbit of Neptune and the orbits of the dwarf planets. And they are mostly made out of ice so they are not suitable for life like the asteroid belt.
The Victoria Crater is an impact crater on Mars. The crater is named after one of explorer Ferdinand Magellan’s ship, the first one to go all the way around the globe. It is a very large crater, about 730 meters across. It was visited by the Mars Rover Opportunity. Here is an image of what it looked like from the Rover.
Another place to find information about this crater and other places the Rover visited is on the National Geographic film Five Years on Mars.
A solar eclipse is when the moon comes between the Earth and the Sun, and blocks out the sun light from touching Earth’s surface. There are four types of eclipses. A total solar eclipse, the one I am most interested in, completely blocks out the light of the Sun from Earth’s view in certain locations. These eclipses only occur in single locations every 360 to 410 years. The next one closest to where I live will occur in August of 2017. It will be the first total eclipse of the sun in America since 1991.
Other types of eclipses include an annular eclipse where the ring of the Sun appears larger behind the Moon, a hybrid eclipse which can look like both a total and annular eclipse depending on the location from which you view it, and a partial eclipse where the Moon only partially covers the Sun.
There is such a thing as eclipse glasses which protect your eyes from the brightness of the Sun after the eclipse clears. These are a must for viewing an eclipse. And a solar eclipse can only happen during the phase of a new moon.